Assignment five

Artists who inspired me for this Assignment:

Romero Britto at:

Romero Britto is a Brazilian artist, painter, serigrapher and sculptor,  who lives in the USA since 1989. Coming from a very modest family from Pernambuco (Northeast of Brazil) he has developed a great sense of being creative using what was available around him, from cardboards, used paper and anything he could use for his artwork. Britto’s became known when the reinveted the bottle of absolut vodka. Millions of people saw that. His art is associated with pop art and cubism. Britto’s work is vibrant, busy and full of energy. Looking at his work is like looking at a Latino interpretation of Pop art blended with cubism. His work inspired me in the use of bright colours versus pattern.


Absolut Vodka labels created by Britto, Romero


image by Britto, Romero

Jones, Jonathan(2001), The night stuff, Louise Borgeois at TATE – The guardian  9 jan 2001 at :

Louise Bourgeois was a French-American artist and  sculptor who created a series of drawings called ‘Insonmia’. Her drawings were of shapes, human figure and also patterns. Red is a predominat colour in this series. Bourgeois is well known by her magnificent size sculpure called maman, a spider that represents her mum. She was a remarkable artist who succeeded in the art world during 1940′,50′ when it was mainly dominated by male artists. Among drawings, paintings, installations and sculptures, Bourgeois main subjects were family trauma, the feminine, sex… Her work has a intense presence of emotion and energy.


The two other artist who inspired me for this assignment are Yayoi Kusama and Andy Warhol. The research on these artists can be found on my PP post of ‘Researches on artists who work with repetition’.


Research on artists who work with repetition

Warhol, Andy biography at :

ASX, (2015) Prince of boredom in: ASX (17/12/2015) at:

Andy Warhol was an American artist, film director and producer who started his career as a  successful magazine illustrator from the 60′ that is known by the iconic Campbell’s soup advertisement which was an allegory for consumerism ( mass production, big business and etc). After that he start doing the same type of images with other mass production products such as coca-cola and then celebrities. His method was to silkscreen images and produce it over and over again showing that even in repetition an image is never exactly the same, and there is no such thing as perfection .Andy Warhol strongly believe that artists should be able to change their styles and I think his repetition was also a way to say that. In many ways his repeated image show the fluidity of life in terms of same things happen daily in our lives but it is never exactly the same way. Repetition is not precise at all. We have routine demands such as eat, sex and sleep but it doesn’t mean it will be precisely the same although it is repeated over and over again.

Audrey V, Silka P and Angie Nordic, (2016)  ‘Repetition in art’ in: Widewalls 24.08.16 at:


TATE (2012) exhibition of Yayoi Kusama at:

Yayoi Kusama is a Japanese contemporary artist who spent over 60 decades dedicated to her work. Her trademark the motif  polka dots which she has uses in drawings, paintings, installations, sculputures and video art. She made to New York when she was in her 20′ when New York artworld was dominated by male in 1950′. Kusama always know what she wanted to do in art and how she wanted to achieve it. Although she has always suffered from mental illness, her obssession with dots as a motif and for painting constantly without much rest; was used in a very productive way. Her repetition using the same motif over and over shows no barrier between, where they could be placed,no matter the subject, place or size. She just kept doing and still does even now in her 90s’. She channeled her trauma in a creative way. In her installation “aggregation” where furniture and a boat is covered by penises, it was her own way that repetition took place to release trauma, the uncomfortable feelings related to sex and the man’s genital. In my opinion, Yayoi uses repetition as an intrinsic way of let go everything unwanted inside her.

Allan McCollum (2016)[user generated content online] Creat.National gallery of Art, 30/06/2106 at:


Allan McCollum is a contemporary American artist. He tried to show through “Plaster surrogates” , in a single object what we tend to collect. His repetition shows that all sorts of painting can be hanged in our wall but not only paintings. Items and others objects. The frames are also an illusion of frames as they were molds he casted in plaster and kept making more and more of it in differents sizes and colours for over a period of  10 years. The paragraph bellow is taken from my Assignment two in module two in Understanding Visual culture. 

The concept of  ‘Plaster Surrogates’ is not about  a piece of art but a representation of all sorts of ‘collectables’ people tend to purchase for their homes. McCollum  did not intend to represent commercial, vulgar things but in keep creating a fair amount, it created a relationship with the rise of Capitalism during  Modernism. This phenomenon   resulted in a compulsive consumption in big quantities. I also personally believe in another  meaning of ‘Plaster Surrogates” in being a framed ‘black painting’ as  an allegory of how consuming became an act of gather in quantity rather than being selective of what to pursue, being it the same or not of what we already possess.

Repetition for Parallel Project

At the moment I am working on Part 5, project 4 in a piece that is taking me a fair amount of time. I can’t explain yet why and how the idea came up but it is  entitled “a 100 cups of tea blends”. I am working on that everyday but for a break I keep going back to my PP and honing ideas and techniques I think would work well . Because of Project 4 on Part 5, I start to become very interested and fascinated with the idea of repetition. It is the first time I am doing a project in this method and it is giving me a feeling of  joy and satisfaction despite the fact that it takes a lot time and focus, and I have been working on that over a week now. The idea of repetition gives me that sense of continuity, routine, discipline and fluidity. I have been researching about artists who worked and work with repetition and Andy Warhol is the most popular in this method. I also like the work of Yayoi Kusama, Magritte, Allan McCollum and I have found new artists who have been for different reasons, interested in “repetition”. I think I would like to link my PP to Andy Warhol, but for now, I am just having a try of what is to work with multiple, identical but in a way, different images. I am torn between the work of Scott William and Andy Warhol now. They are very different and I will have to decide soon.

I know the work of Andy Warhol was executed in silkscreen prints, something almost impossible for me to achieve in my living space. The idea is being inspired in his repetition methods. I cut out a template of an outline of a kettle. At first I tried to print it, but the paint sticks and dry very quickly on the  stencil made of cardboard . The print becomes very irregular and fades away not achieving the result I wanted. I tried to paint over the lines printed but it also won’t give the printing repetition feel that I want. The identical and inadentical image repeated over and over again. IMG_0599

The acrylic paint almost gave the brightness in colour that I want but it is not what I had in mind yet. I would like to carve the outline of the kettle on a rubber plate, so I can print the image more clearly but I am on quarantine and all the shops are closed due to COVID-19. I am trying to explore what I can for now.

My next step was to use the stencil with two layear of papers underneath it. One for background and another for the kettle colour so I will repeat the same image over and over again without any touch ups by hand.

I like the result. My printer is not the best and I am photographing it with my phone but will discuss with my tutor Diana Ali , whatelse I can do to improve this project if I decide on linking it to Andy Warhol .



Project 4 -Time and the viewer

Contextual focus point: Frank Auerbach’s portraiture


E.O.W ( Estella Olive West) half nude portrait by Frank Auerbach

Head of E.O.W. 1959-60 by Frank Auerbach born 1931

E.O.W ( Estella Olive West) portrait by Frank Auerbach

Frank Auerbach is a German/British artist born in 1931. Auerbach was  brought to England when he was 7 years old  during WWII. His parents stayed back and died in a Jewish concentration camp . Auerbach is known by his thick impasto brushstrokes technique in landscapes and his portraits. His style is considered to be Neo-impressionist. He has developed a deep and strong relationship with his art, in a way, how it happens with people.  This is one of the reasons that he takes time in each work he does. He gets to know his subject. He works with regular sitters who have posed for him for decades, one of them, Ms. Auerbach, his wife. His paintings consists in many layers of thick paint, becoming almost a piece between painting and sculpture. Like many post WWII artists, Auerbach has made a sharp distinction between figurative and abstract. He captures the essence of people in his portraits with  concepts such as mutability and impermance. Auerbach records the chaos within the psychological state either in him, the sitter, or both. He tends to paint, scrape and paint over, again and again similarly, in  the way we are and how we are constantly subjected to changes, biologically, mentally and emotionally. His portraits has traces of feelings that affected everyone during WWII, a feature in many post war artists.  It is heavy, dense and affectionate. The difference in his work between photographs and life paintings is the ability he has to  capture the subject, his perception and reading of the environment or the person who poses for him. It would not be possible to have the same energy and view if it was a photograph, a 2D still image. He has his sitter and him there ,  in different sessions, feeling differently, in a different time, over long periods of time . These factors are essential to the production and result of his work.

” If you pass something everyday and it has a little character, it begins to intrigue you” Frank Auerbach

Researches suggested on report Assignment 4

The Boyle family – piano nobile at :

The Boyle family (2010) [user genereated content online]Creat. TATE shots 15 sep 2010 at:

Mark Boyle was an artist born in  Glasgow, Scotland. He married Joan Hills and after they had their own children, they named the project Boyle family that describes collaborated work with family and their community. The project first called ‘Planet earth” start in 1968. They use earth material and their environment to show interaction, exploration and investigating the meaning of them. From Hills, rocks and sea. They show in a poetic way taking elemental studies to be observed, felt and understood through various mediums. It a journey to questions our environment and our function in it. How the world changes and how we change this world. I think The Boyle family forces us to look into details and places that we don’t hardly notice by isolating this pieces out of its environment. It shows beauty, roughness, weight or lightness and the feel, necessity or purpose of them within us. At the same time how nature acts upon us.



McKever, Rosalind(2018) ‘The enigmatic igloos of Mario Merz’, Apollo Magazine, 7 nov 2108 at:

Mario Merz was an Italian artist associated with art paver ( literally meaning poor art). He was imprisioned in World War II when he start drawing. Merz began to develop deep interest in architecture and in 1968 he started his igloos’s project going through the 80′ and he kept doing till his death in 2003. The igloos are  made with a combination of man made structure and natural materials. From stones from Brazil to twigs, rock, glass, they vary in materials from all over the world. Very interesting the exhibition on Tate’s in 1985, entitled: Do we go around houses or do houses go around us? Food for thought. Merz main motif for his art is a mixture of political, economical and environment context. It can be seeing as perceived by the viewer. It might mean, refugees shelter for some, security and protection for others, poverty, defense, the need to protect the environment due to the natural materials he uses, protest, use of space and individuality.



work by John Goto

Friedlaender, Linda . Reynold-Kaye,Jennifer and Skipton, Long (2018) John Goto’s ‘ High Summer’, Yale center for British art, 6 April 2018 at:

John Goto is a British born photographer who has an interesting way of blending figures in photographes of sites in the past and people of the present in a satirical and surrealist manner. His photographes are a travel on time, questioning places, our actions, how we fit or not in our society and world.

Project 4 – Time and the viewer

Aim: Make a drawing which forces the viewer to use time differently. This may mean a drawing which takes time to make snese of. or a drawing that creates a feeling of certain pace. The drawing may need an investment of time by the viewer in some way. A drawing is a record of the time you spent making it, but the viewer also spends time looking at it. perhaps seeking meaning, enjoying its beauty or marvelling at the artist’s skill.



honing the ideas….

Following my tutor suggestion, I am honing my ideas about the PP. By now I am about to decide if I go for house hold items or appliances in simple, clear spaces and bright colours or I depict a more busy, detailed scene. I like both ideas. The work of William Scott has caught my eye for his use of space in pastel colours in simple combinations and the simplicity in items and scene description. At the same time I like the work of Michael Craig Martin for its bright colours but it might be too formal for me. John Bokor who I have researched for this project is also very inspiring as he really reminds me what  is home, mess and how busy this environment can be. His work is very family oriented and warm. I am also think about how to present it. So far, in an artist book format is something I am considering…. Not there yet …but working towards it…

Project 3 – A finer focus


TATE – Richard Wright

Richard Wright is an English artist and musician born in London. His intricate designs are in geometrical patterns painted in the the Renaissance technique of fresco and gold leaf. He is interested in painting large scales areas such as ceilings, corners or stairwells. His work has a short life spam as he believe it wouldn’t be absorbed by the art world, I guess he is referering to a comercialised way. I understand and admire his choice of making the art for “now”, it is not about the future. Richard Wright won Turner Prize in 2009. I think his work is very meaningul and romantic. It intrigues the viewers and give people his perception of art and time.


The stairwell project by Richard Wright

intlited richard

Untitled, wall painting  by Richard Wright


Award winning gold leaf painting by Richard Wright


TATE – Grayson Perry  at:

 Grayson Perry is so  humbly opened about who he is and I think that is one of the reasons people get so engaged in his talks and with  his art. Bright colours and images, a variety of subjects and approaches, he deals with the matters of the world. His depiction is explicit , full of humour, provoking in seducing ways. On the article about his first artwork, I relate to him in the sense that sometimes in the middle of the night, ideas come to his head and he has to just doodle some of it on paper. In preparation for his work it will have some additions and changes but the foundation will be pretty much a resemblance of what he had first sketched. The same happens to me, although I think I am not confident or experienced enough to develop my initial ideas and sketches all the way to a final piece in a more aesthetic and professional way.  It is motivating and inspiring to know that an artist do not need to stick with a subject all the time. Grayson Perry deals with his childhood matters, the unconscious ,politics, what is going on in the world at the moment, and put images and pieces together in very appealing ways. I like how he depict figures in the foreground a lot bigger than the background.  I think he can play around with his feeling and moods in his art because his style is consistent and from tapestry to his vases, mixing medias and textures and materials, he has a unique style and that is what makes him so recognised in the world of art .Grayson made use of all his experiences from emotional pain and self-discovery into strong and bright pieces of art, also with  light feelings  and humorous touch. His is audacious and  a simple and committed artist. He does every bit of his art himself. It feels like it that he really does it for him at first and luckily he is able to share it with the world. Many people can relate to his art.  The difference is that most of us are not brave enough to completely open up about our  deep and dark secrets not realising we are all the same!

Aspects of Myself 2001 by Grayson Perry born 1960

Aspects of myself, 2001 by Grayson Perry


The Walthamstow Tapestry, 2009 by Grayson Perry



Gagosian Gallery – Paul Noble at:

Paul Noble is a British artist who lives and works in London. He has received international recognition for his  monumental drawing project of Nobson Newtown. His meticulous drawings of an imaginary city, with accurate details of real urban escapes,  depicts the imaginary versus melancolic scenes of an utopic city . Noble played and acted as architect, archeologist, cartographer, urban planner, engineer, activist and more. For this project, Noble was inspired by Chinese scrolls and Japanese sculptures. The Vimeo above gives an insightful tour into his drawing, helping to understand and have a closer look in each scene, showing fragments of it and his process in his studios. His work is amazingly detailed and only with a magnifying glass I could go through smaller figures in parts of the town, in the book Vitamin D – New Perspectives in Drawing.




Adams, Tim (2015) [The Guardian, interview with Stephen Walter] at:

Stephen Walter is a British artist who lives in London and hand draw maps with pencils with extreme amount of accurate details. His work consists in dedication and time, from days, weeks or months. William Blake is one of the artists he is inspired by. His work to  is an amazing melting pot of history, traditions, etymology and landscape. Walter gravitates between urban and wilderness places. He sounds like a very old soul in a young body. The reason  that now  he only draws with pencil is because  he found out he was producing toxic waste by using ink in the past. It made him changed his medium. Curiosity, enviromental awareness , passion and dedication are some of the aspects that makes him an inspiring artist. Beyond drawings, his maps is a work of research, investigation and explorationg of cities. As the title of the interview suggest, a lot of his work is about the human residues and traces left, and it takes time to settle in the geography. He traces all of them or at least he tries and creates a poetic, meticulous and engaging artwork.


The Island by Stephen Walter – 2008


Project 3: Chose a subject with a substancial number of detailed parts. Consider also whether the parts will be drawn from observation or invented. Remember that the original subject may not be primarity visual (in extended doodling for example); you may be using drawing to describe a narrative or even musical score, so that the imagery is secondary to the relationships between the elements.

Reflection: My first attempt was the pomegranate fruit. I drew by observing the real fruit plus a few photos of it. It required quite an amount of details and I did it with watercolour. The background is oil crayon. The second one was also a still life I set. It took me longer to achieve the details of the coffee beans as they were a lot darker than the pomegranate seeds. The third drawing was a bunch of buttons mostly done by imagination. I checked one or two photos on the internet but the planning , colour and amound I just kept doing. It is a layer in markers and as I progressed, I overlayered with cut outs from coloured paper. These drawing are all in A3 paper. I enjoyed doing all of them but the buttons was the one that took more time, effort and planning. I wanted to fill up the paper but left the edges a bit undone. I like bright colours, I like that the item is linked to my interest in domesticity. I think I can relate this project a little bit with the work of Stephen Walter. My passion for what I want to draw is growing, I go around my house, I hold, look for objects, observe everything around me and what is the purpose of it.   I had a great  feeling of satisfaction when I finished the buttons one. It is that feeling of: Yes, this one is done and I am proud of it. I think it exudes to the viewers, its energy catch their eyes. I have showed to a few friends and they really enjoyed looking at it, at the details, colours and overall the time taken to execute it. The work of Stephen Walter and this project gave me good ideas for my next project in Part 4.

Project 1 – A changing scene

Aim: Drawing moving figures or a changing scene can be extremely challenging. A large part of that challenge, however, is your own conception of the purpose. By taking a step back from trying to pin the action down to a static conclusion, and instead making a drawing which is a record of the movement and action itself, we can begin to reflect on how to balance movement and form to create a dynamic image.

Method: Find a fairly busy scene, with plenty of movement. Sit somewhere comfortable and out of the way and start making a drawing. As someting catches you eye, capture it as best you can. Keep responding to movements as they happen so you build up a drawing full of dynamic energy. Depending on how fast you can capture form , you may be able to build up a convincing representation of the scene. Don’t lose focus, make each mark as accurately as you can.



Reflection:  I didn’t feel comfortable doing this project. I do not enjoy working outdoors, in busy places and it really hurt my eyes trying to draw things in movement. I tried to capture as best as I could as people passed by, their body overall shapes and movements. Most of the time I only managed half way through but after a while I became faster in just outline main features of each person that caught my eye. I like details and colours and it was very challenging just sketching quickly what I saw. Everything else in this project I worked by memory (that was the only part I enjoyed). I think pencil and graffiti were the best materials to execute this project. I used 2B and 4B pencils which gave me the flexibility in shades and quick darker and lighter lines to depict distance. I did many sketches of the people passing by, anywhere I could find space in my pages. Back home I figure I had enough to build up the whole scene by cutting and pasting people in the right sizes according to distance. I had to add some colours to give it a more energetic and happy energy to it. Since I do not enjoy working outdoors and I was not feeling very positive, I thought about making a few changes back in the comfort of my home, to present a colourful and nice work.